Diabetes is a condition that affects many parts of the body if not regulated correctly. One of the areas that it can affect is your feet. Your feet are at the highest risk as they are the furthest from your heart which means the blood flow to them is the furthest away.
There are two different problems that can end up affecting your feet from diabetic complications. These conditions are diabetic neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease. When diabetes isn’t managed properly, the high sugar levels in your blood can damage your nerves.
Damaged nerves in your legs and feet mean that you could potentially not feel heat, cold, or pain. This can be problematic if you have a cut or sore on your foot as it could potentially become infected if you do not realize that it is there. An infection could cause long term damage if it is not treated properly or quickly enough.
Peripheral vascular disease is a circulation condition that affects blood vessels that are away from the heart. When an infection will not heal due to poor blood flow, you are also at risk of developing ulcers or potentially gangrene which can result in possible amputation if it is not taken care of.
Athlete’s foot, fungal infection, calluses, corns, blisters, bunions, dry skin, foot ulcers, hammertoes, ingrown toenails, and plantar warts are all common foot problems that anyone can have.
Diabetics are more likely to have these foot problems, and these conditions are more likely to lead to infection and severe complications in diabetics.
Diabetics can also have foot infections which are typically cellulitis, soft-tissue and/or deep-skin infections, and osteomyelitis. If there are any issues with your feet, no matter how small, it is very important to get it checked out by a podiatrist to prevent any further problems or complications.